The Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost is first track on the album Medtiations by John Coltrane, recorded at the Van Gelder Studio, on November 23, 1965.
The year 1965 was a turning point in the life of John Coltrane. It was at this point that he crossed the line into the free jazz arena that he had been approaching since the early ’60s. Besides his landmark Ascension, no album better illustrates this than the awe-inspiring Meditations. Coltrane’s regular quartet — McCoy Tyner (piano), Jimmy Garrison (bass), and Elvin Jones (drums) — is expanded here with second drummer Rashied Ali (who assumed Jones’ spot after this album) and saxophonist Pharoah Sanders. This conglomeration produces some dense textures, especially in the epic first track “The Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost.” This sonic hurricane is a 13-minute outpouring of spiritual emotion that is at once compelling and exhausting. [source]
John Coltrane – Tenor Saxophone / Rashied Ali – Drums / Jimmy Garrison – Double Bass / Elvin Jones – Drums / Pharoah Sanders – Tenor Saxophone / McCoy Tyner – Piano